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My Expository Essay on Homelessness (Please Read)

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    My Expository Essay on Homelessness (Please Read)

    Its too big to upload as an attachment so i copy-pasted it straight from Word. It hasn't been graded yet, but there's some pretty crazy shit i found in my research in this and i wanted to get it out there, so please discuss. Before anyone asks; yes... my name is Welby.



    Welby Pena #0217791
    September 22, 2013
    ENC101 Philip Cunill

    A Lesser Discussed Cause of Homelessness

    There are an estimated one thousand homeless in Miami-Dade County. However, it is important to note that not all homeless people are “crack-heads” and “burn-outs” as some so ignorantly put it. To become homeless, one does not even need to be a victim of some great misfortune, such as a natural disaster, either. While it may be true that unemployment is on the rise, plenty of taxpaying, hard working citizens employed full time are living on the streets, financially deprived, because wages are too low to support themselves independently.

    Florida’s Minimum Wage is set at $7.79 an hour. A full-time work week is typically defined at 40 hours a week before being paid for Overtime at one and one-half the workers regular rate of pay. If a worker earned 40 hours of Minimum Wage every week, for all 52 weeks of the year, with no vacation, that worker would have earned a total of $16,203.20 by the end of the year before taxes. For illustrative purposes we will call this fictional worker “Mary”.

    In Miami-Dade County, the average rent for a studio apartment as of July 1, 2013 is $1,491 a month. “Mary” will rent a studio apt at this price. “Mary” isn’t required to pay taxes. She receives free utilities, healthcare, food, transportation, clothing, and anything else she may need, other than her rent. If the only thing “Mary” pays is her $1,491 monthly rent, she will be $1,688.80 in debt by the end of the year at her pay rate, and will most likely be unable to renew her lease. To qualify for government assistance in Miami-Dade County, the annual income limit is set strictly at $13,750; “Mary” does not qualify. For other full-time Minimum Wage workers who must pay taxes, utilities, healthcare, food, transportation, and clothing, and other expenses, life is seemingly impossible; often resulting in homelessness.

    Amendments 5, 8, 9, 13 and 14 of the United States Constitution are being violated in the case of the independent, full time, Minimum wage, 40 hours a week, 52 weeks of the year worker. The inability to support oneself in a safe dwelling with all things necessary for life is interpreted as being “deprived of Life, Liberty, and Property without due process of law” in violation of Amendments five and eight. Furthermore, Amendment nine is being violated by disparaging the basic human rights not listed in the Constitution, of food, health, hygiene, clothing, and shelter for the full-time Minimum Wage worker. The necessity to work Overtime every single week just for the ability to cover basic necessities is an involuntary one, and is interpreted as a violation of Amendment 13, as it states “Neither slavery nor involuntary service, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the united states, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” The enforcement of a Minimum Wage that does not cover basic living expenses for a Minimum Wage full-time worker, nor allow for basic privileges such as the saving of money, affording any clothing, purchasing insurance, or enjoy common recreational activities is interpreted as a violation of Amendment 14 where it states “No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States”. But can the deprivation of an independent Minimum Wage full-time worker also be considered “cruel and unusual punishment” under Amendment 8 of the United States Constitution?

    In the Supreme Court case of Furman v. Georgia, Mr. Justice Brennan concurred that there are four principles by which one would use to determine whether a punishment is “cruel and unusual”. The first principle is quoted as “…the essential predicate for the application of the others, is that a punishment must not, by its severity, be degrading to human dignity.” – Clearly, any homeless person relegated to cooking their food over an open fire in the park, sleeping on the sidewalk, having to “go” outside, and anything that may take place as a result of homelessness is degrading to human dignity. The second principle “derives from the notion that the State does not respect human dignity when, without reason, it inflicts upon some people a severe punishment that it does not inflict upon others”; then surely the case of Minimum Wage for select workers and the inability to support oneself resulting in homelessness would qualify as a cruel and unusual punishment on this second principle alone. “A third principle inherent in the Clause is that a severe punishment must not be unacceptable to contemporary society”. Homelessness and the inability to support oneself independently is something that has never been accepted in society and most likely never will. The final principle is the most important, stating that a punishment must not be excessive. Justice Brennan defines a punishment as being excessive “if it is unnecessary”, “nothing more than the pointless infliction of suffering”, and if “there was no reason whatever for doing so”. There is no crime in being a full-time taxpaying worker, hence unnecessary and excessive. Thus forth, the unnecessary punishment of financial impairment at the price of 40 or more labor hours a week and the oppression of inescapable debt, and other handicaps caused by such financial impairment is cruel and unusual punishment under Amendment 8 of the United States Constitution as defined by Supreme Court Justice Brennan in the case of Furman v. Georgia, and therefore illegal!

    It has been said that Miami-Dade County has been praised as having one of the best systems in the country for addressing the problem of homelessness, I disagree. The homeless population has gone down to 1/8th of what it had been since the foundation of the Homeless Trust in 1993, but it is simply not enough. In the past three years the homeless population has been rising again. As more and more people return to homelessness after two decades of a seemingly effective system of combating homelessness, maybe it’s time to reevaluate. Using a housing plan composed of three phases –emergency, transitional, and permanent – along with supportive services and job placement, perhaps it isn’t the approach of the Homeless Trust that’s ineffective, but our Minimum Wage that is ineffective at protecting the full-time workers right to be a productive member of society instead of banishing them to live on the streets while other members of society ignorantly label them as “trash” or “druggies”.



    Works Cited:

    http://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/compliance/whdfs22.htm
    http://www.zillow.com/local-info/FL-...D2964%26el%3D0
    http://www.miamidade.gov/housing/income-limits.asp
    http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/cha...ranscript.html
    http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/cha...nts_11-27.html
    http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/htm..._0238_ZC1.html
    http://www.miamidade.gov/homeless/accomplishments.asp
    Last edited by isurfneptune; 24.09.2013, 20:26.

    #2
    You compared minimum wage to average rent. Compare average wage to average rent

    Comment


      #3
      I am not pro-homeless in any way, shape or form; This is based solely on the position you take.


      1. Being PAID any amount of money is in no way a punishment - let alone a cruel and unusual one. Nobody is forcing that person to take/work a minimum wage job. Nobody - no matter how you put it. That person has every option to apply for any job they are qualified for. Your teacher isn't going to be "blown away" by this idea, he/she is going to think you're an idiot.

      2. Why do you attack minimum wage instead of the outrageous housing prices? A studio apartment for $1,400/month and you're attacking minimum wage? Also, nobody is forcing that person to live alone in a studio apartment. How much does it cost to rent a room in a house in Miami-Dade? Why not get a roommate? What if Mary bought a $4,000 RV and didn't have to pay $1,400/month? Again, nobody is forcing anybody to live in a $1,400 studio apartment.


      aside from that, your last sentence is a mess"
      "Using a housing plan composed of three phases –emergency, transitional, and permanent – along with supportive services and job placement, perhaps it isn’t the approach of the Homeless Trust that’s ineffective, but our Minimum Wage that is ineffective at protecting the full-time workers right to be a productive member of society instead of banishing them to live on the streets while other members of society ignorantly label them as “trash” or “druggies”.
      rewrite that before you turn it in. You never mentioned anything about a housing plan before, so why bring it up in the last sentence of the essay?

      I won't go on, because I don't think you posted this for a proof-read session.
      Last edited by Apsley Cherry-Garrard; 24.09.2013, 21:57.


      "Do you feel that Randy? The way the shit clings to the air? Shit blizzard."

      Comment


        #4
        Originally posted by wil747 View Post
        You compared minimum wage to average rent. Compare average wage to average rent
        Thank you for the constructive criticism. It's the average rent for a studio apt, which is the cheapest layout for an independent person. Also, ask anyone from Miami, most of the "studios" here are shitty refurbished sheds or garages in someones backyard. So trust me, thats the average for the cheapest shit around.

        Thanks dude.

        Comment


          #5
          Originally posted by Apsley Cherry-Garrard View Post
          I am not pro-homeless in any way, shape or form; This is based solely on the position you take.


          1. Being PAID any amount of money is in no way a punishment - let alone a cruel and unusual one. Nobody is forcing that person to take/work a minimum wage job. Nobody - no matter how you put it. That person has every option to apply for any job they are qualified for.

          2. Why do you attack minimum wage instead of the outrageous housing prices? A studio apartment for $1,400/month and you're attacking minimum wage?


          aside from that, your last sentence is a mess"
          "Using a housing plan composed of three phases –emergency, transitional, and permanent – along with supportive services and job placement, perhaps it isn’t the approach of the Homeless Trust that’s ineffective, but our Minimum Wage that is ineffective at protecting the full-time workers right to be a productive member of society instead of banishing them to live on the streets while other members of society ignorantly label them as “trash” or “druggies”.
          rewrite that before you turn it in.

          I won't go on, because I don't think you posted this for a proof-read session.

          Thanks. And no, i didn't post it for proof-reading. I wanted discussion on the topics covered in my essay no matter what stand you take; just like you did with 1. And 2.

          1. Because some people can't get any other job. Especially in Miami where its almost impossible to find one. Im Hispanic and in no way racist or xenophobic, but most jobs are filled by illegals who will take below minimum wage under the table. I was more getting at how you would waste most hours of your life to not have one. Idgaf if u give handjobs to squirrels, if you work full time doing ANYTHING you goddamn earned your right to stable living.

          2. Its Miami. Demand is so high while we have a tittyload of new immigrants coming in every day. I don't see that shit going down any time soon.

          Thanks dude! I appreciate your criticisms. They were pretty good.

          Comment


            #6
            How old are you?

            Comment


              #7
              Originally posted by isurfneptune View Post
              1. Because some people can't get any other job. Especially in Miami where its almost impossible to find one. Im Hispanic and in no way racist or xenophobic, but most jobs are filled by illegals who will take below minimum wage under the table. I was more getting at how you would waste most hours of your life to not have one. Idgaf if u give handjobs to squirrels, if you work full time doing ANYTHING you goddamn earned your right to stable living.

              2. Its Miami. Demand is so high while we have a tittyload of new immigrants coming in every day. I don't see that shit going down any time soon.
              1. Why would they not be able to get any other job? Really, any other job. How about another job? Have you heard of people working two jobs? There are people who earn ABOVE minimum wage and work two jobs."The American Dream" (or whatever) was never said to be easy, only attainable.

              2. Move. If it costs too much to live where you are at, then move. Save $15 bucks, get on a bus, and move. I just got a job in a town 2+ hours from where I live. I went from a city to the middle of nowhere. But guess what, it's WAY cheaper out here. Where I was at it cost $500/month to rent a room in a stranger's house. Here it costs $500/month to rent a house. Again, nobody is forcing that person to make the choices he/she is making. It's a free country. You have rights (isn't that your point?). You can move.


              "Do you feel that Randy? The way the shit clings to the air? Shit blizzard."

              Comment


                #8
                I'm 20 dude. Graduated at 16 but dropped out cuz college sucks when ur a jitt. I planned a 2 year break but then got caught up in competitive surfing n surfaris with a fellow surfer for another 2years. Just got back in school and taking my first semester (see "english composition 101" at the top left)

                Comment


                  #9
                  Originally posted by Apsley Cherry-Garrard View Post
                  1. Why would they not be able to get any other job? Really, any other job. How about another job? Have you heard of people working two jobs? There are people who earn ABOVE minimum wage and work two jobs."The American Dream" (or whatever) was never said to be easy, only attainable.

                  2. Move. If it costs too much to live where you are at, then move. Save $15 bucks, get on a bus, and move. I just got a job in a town 2+ hours from where I live. I went from a city to the middle of nowhere. But guess what, it's WAY cheaper out here. Where I was at it cost $500/month to rent a room in a stranger's house. Here it costs $500/month to rent a house. Again, nobody is forcing that person to make the choices he/she is making. It's a free country. You have rights (isn't that your point?). You can move.
                  1. If 40 hours is considered Full-time by our government (and spending most of your life in work) than anything over called Overtime, which you get payed extra for because ur seriously no-lifing it at that point (ive never heard of ANY employer in Miami giving overtime; greedy fucks) than doing so to make ends meet is involuntary service for survival. Proving my point that it violates amendment 13

                  2. Subject was homelessness in the city of Miami. I totally get you though. Great point.

                  I hope u dont see this as snotty or sarcastic but i really do appreciate your arguments.

                  Comment


                    #10
                    No, I don't see it as snotty or sarcastic. I see it like this: I, an English teacher, am giving you an English teacher's perspective on your essay. You, a student who wrote a paper, are giving me a student's perspective on your essay. Nothing wrong with that.


                    "Do you feel that Randy? The way the shit clings to the air? Shit blizzard."

                    Comment


                      #11
                      Originally posted by isurfneptune View Post
                      1. If 40 hours is considered Full-time by our government (and spending most of your life in work) than anything over called Overtime, which you get payed extra for because ur seriously no-lifing it at that point (ive never heard of ANY employer in Miami giving overtime; greedy fucks) than doing so to make ends meet is involuntary service for survival. Proving my point that it violates amendment 13

                      2. Subject was homelessness in the city of Miami. I totally get you though. Great point.

                      I hope u dont see this as snotty or sarcastic but i really do appreciate your arguments.
                      a social life/fun is not a right - it's a perk, a privilege, a bonus - it is not a necessity to survival or happiness. That's against the law. A worker in that situation has rights they need to exercise. They need to be an advocate for themselves, not stand around and take it. Even still, nobody is forcing them to work. Plus, they could go on welfare and get everything for free.



                      i totally get your essay, but the points just aren't that strong. I'm sure you'll get a decent grade on it, though.


                      "Do you feel that Randy? The way the shit clings to the air? Shit blizzard."

                      Comment


                        #12
                        I have not written an expository essay yet; but it can't differ too much from basic essay etiquette.

                        A very boring read in my opinion. Could use a bit of spicing up as far as vocabulary goes, and perhaps better transitions between paragraphs as well? Also, concluding paragraph is a train wreck.



                        Edit: Be careful about using exclamation points. "Rights are being violated blah blah wah wah wah!"

                        You're trying to provide a factual argument; exclamation points appeal more on an emotional level, and in most cases you would want to end the statement with a period rather than an exclamation point.

                        Periods = Fact - there is nothing to discuss, it is fact. More assertive.
                        Exclamation = Might be a fact, but my passionate yelling allows others to disregard everything I have said.
                        Last edited by Jakep4196; 24.09.2013, 23:06.

                        Comment


                          #13
                          Originally posted by Apsley Cherry-Garrard View Post
                          a social life/fun is not a right - it's a perk, a privilege, a bonus - it is not a necessity to survival or happiness. That's against the law. A worker in that situation has rights they need to exercise. They need to be an advocate for themselves, not stand around and take it. Even still, nobody is forcing them to work. Plus, they could go on welfare and get everything for free.



                          i totally get your essay, but the points just aren't that strong. I'm sure you'll get a decent grade on it, though.

                          I know. But that violates Amendment 14 by abridging those privileges. And amendment 13 because your not choosing to go beyond what is considered a full weeks worth of work, its involuntary. Its necessary for survival and thats pretty fucked

                          You need to make less than $13,750 to qualify for government assistance here in Miami. And my essay was about the independent worker. As i believe everyone has the right to support themselves independently.

                          Thank you dude. I appreciate it

                          Comment


                            #14
                            Originally posted by Apsley Cherry-Garrard View Post
                            a social life/fun is not a right - it's a perk, a privilege, a bonus - it is not a necessity to survival or happiness. That's against the law. A worker in that situation has rights they need to exercise. They need to be an advocate for themselves, not stand around and take it. Even still, nobody is forcing them to work. Plus, they could go on welfare and get everything for free.



                            i totally get your essay, but the points just aren't that strong. I'm sure you'll get a decent grade on it, though.
                            Health professionals and workplace safety and health professionals would argue differently to that.

                            Comment


                              #15
                              as the UK benefit system is a lot more generous its hard for me to compare, however that was very short for an essay?
                              are you restricted heavily in word numbers?

                              £0.00

                              Comment

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